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Acceleration of Gastric Tumorigenesis Through MKRN1-Mediated Posttranslational Regulation of p14ARF
관리자 2012.11.01
 

J. Natl. Cancer Inst., October 25, 2012 | doi: 10.1093/jnci/djs424

Acceleration of Gastric Tumorigenesis Through MKRN1-Mediated Posttranslational Regulation of p14ARF

Aram Ko, Ji-Young Shin, Jinho Seo, Kang-Duck Lee, Eun-Woo Lee, Min-Sik Lee, Han-Woong Lee, Il-Ju Choi, Jin Sook Jeong, Kyung-Hee Chun, Jaewhan Song*

Department of Biochemistry, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul (AK, Ji-S, E-WL, M-SL, H-WL, Ja-S); National Cancer Center, Gastric Cancer Branch, Goyang-si, Kyunggi-do (J-YS, K-DL, I-JC); Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (K-HC); Department of Pathology, Dong-A University Medical School, Busan, Korea (JSJ).

*Correspondence to: Jaewhan Song, PhD, Department of Biochemistry, Yonsei University, Sinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120.749, Korea

Abstract
Background We investigated whether Makorin ring finger protein 1 (MKRN1), an E3 ligase, affects p14ARF-associated cellular senescence and tumorigenesis by posttranslational modification in gastric tumorigenesis.

Methods A link between MKRN1 and ARF was examined in MKRN1 null mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and in human fibroblasts and gastric cancer cells by silencing MKRN1 using small interfering RNA (siRNA) and short hairpin RNA (shRNA). Ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation assays were used to assess p14ARF degradation associated with MKRN1. MKRN1 and p14ARF expression levels were analyzed with immunohistochemistry in malignant and normal tissues from gastric cancer patients and with χ2 tests. The tumor growth of gastric cancer cells stably expressing MKRN1 shRNA, p14ARF shRNA, or both was examined in mouse xenograft models (n = 4-6) and analyzed with unpaired t tests. All statistical tests were two-sided.

Results MKRN1 knockout MEFs exhibited premature senescence and growth retardation with increased p19ARF protein expression. Similar results were obtained for human fibroblasts or gastric cancer cell lines by MKRN1 knockdown. Biochemical analyses confirmed that MKRN1 targets p14ARF for ubiquitination and subsequent proteasome-dependent degradation. A statistically significant association was shown between MKRN1 overexpression and p14ARF underexpression (P = .016). Xenograft analyses using p53-functional AGS or -dysfunctional SNU601 cells displayed statistically significant tumor growth retardation by silencing MKRN1, which was reversed under depletion of p14ARF (AGS cells, MKRN1 knockdown tumors vs MKRN1 and p14ARF knockdown tumors: 164.6 vs 464.8mm3, difference = 300.2mm3, 95% CI = 189.1 to 411.3mm3, P < .001).

Conclusions We demonstrated that MKRN1 functions as a novel E3 ligase of p14ARF and that it potentially regulates cellular senescence and tumorigenesis in gastric cancer.


JNCI (journal of the national cancer institute; advanced published October 25, 2012)

URL:  http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/recent